Extractions

Extractions 2017-05-10T14:12:35+00:00

Extractions

The goal of every dentist is the preservation of your natural teeth and to keep them fully functioning and healthy for as long as possible. However, there will be moments where you will have to make choices. Choices that may lead to you parting ways with your natural teeth for the overall good of your oral health. Whether it is damage, decay, trauma, or a sprouting wisdom tooth causing crowding in the jaw, you may need treatment to alleviate the pain and prevent further damage to other healthy teeth.

No matter the reason, tooth extractions have been around for ages. The process is as routine as it can get these days. Nearly everyone has had at least one tooth extracted from the jaw at least once in his or her life. Not every extraction is the same however; the complexities and procedures vary a little based on the location of the tooth in your mouth and the strength of the root that holds the tooth in place.

Typically, the front tooth with a single straight root is easy to extract, however, molars which can have multiple roots, are much harder. Wisdom tooth extraction, for instance is much more difficult. The process could be further complicated if the tooth being extracted is still below the surface and has not properly erupted from the gums or the path to eruption is blocked by another tooth.

Tooth extractions are typically routine when done by an experienced professional. It is important to be mindful that the tooth is attached to an actual bone through a network of fibers that come together to form the periodontal ligament. By careful maneuvering the tooth can be freed from these fibers and be detached without much fuss.

Possible Reasons for Extractions

As mentioned earlier, the reasons for extraction vary on a case-by-case basis. Some of the common reasons to get your tooth extracted are:

Trauma or Disease
Whether it is trauma or disease, there are several procedures through which the tooth can be salvaged. The dentists may opt for a full-coverage crown, root canal, or a combination of the two approaches. Though both approaches in no way guarantee success and as a last resort you may have to replace the tooth with a life like tooth implant.
Orthodontic Treatment
Another reason for tooth extraction could be that your jaw does not have enough space for the new tooth that is about to erupt, or may be causing crowding in your jaw. This can throw off your bite or the alignment of your teeth. Premolars, which are located right next to eyeteeth, also known as canines, are typically removed for orthodontic reasons.
Removal of Wisdom Teeth
Eruption of wisdom teeth can not only cause severe pain but can also lead to damage to the neighboring teeth, bone, gum tissue, and even nerves and blood vessels of the surrounding area.
Baby Teeth
If you have a baby tooth that is preventing your permanent tooth from erupting or is hampering its eruption, then a quick of extraction of the baby tooth can prevent future orthodontic treatments.

The Procedure

The process begins with an X-Ray, which is used to ascertain the positioning of your tooth, the condition of the surrounding bone, and enables your dentist to foresee any possible complications that may arise from the surgery.

A thorough study of the patient’s medical history is conducted before the procedure is administered to ensure maximum success. Preferred methods of anesthesia are also discussed with the patient prior to the extraction. Several options are present for anesthetics, which range from taking a pill to inhaling of nitrous oxide.

During the extraction process, measures are taken to ensure the safety of the bone that surrounds the tooth being extracted. A meager amount of bone-grafting material may also be used to preserve the bone density. This process assumes much greater importance if the extraction of the tooth is followed by a dental implant.

Post Procedure

As soon as your tooth extracted, the socket is covered with sterile gauze, with pressure being applied to the socket itself to stem the initial bleeding. In some cases small sutures might also be deployed to for the same reason. Discomfort and swelling may be experienced post extraction surgery, however, regular over the counter painkillers will help alleviate the initial pain. You can also use ice packs to lessen the swelling. Eat soft and easy to chew food to ensure speedy recovery and healing.