Good hygiene and regular dental care may reduce your risk of oral disease and disorders; you may still be at risk due to heredity. From tooth alignment to the shape of your jaws, everything is determined by your genes.
Gum tissues fall into two broad categories, thin or thick, which is the actual thickness of the tissue and underlying bones. The appearance of tooth indicates which type you may have. Those who have a triangular shaped tooth have thin gum tissue. People with a squarer appearance have a thick gum tissue. Asian people tend to have thin tissue while European or African have a thick tissue.
No tissue is superior to the other; in fact, each type is prone to different kinds of diseases and conditions.
Patients with a thick tissue, have a risk of developing “Pocketing”, a condition in which gum tissue becomes inflamed from dental plaque, loses its attachment to the teeth, and forms a small pocket. The result is bone or tooth loss. Thin tissues, on the other hand, are more prone to the occurrence of receding gums, which are caused by periodontal disease and toothbrush abrasion mainly. In such cases, more unprotected tooth surface is exposed which should be below the gum line.
A person cannot do anything about the type of gum tissue they have. However, you should care not to develop and reduce your risk of periodontal disease. First, practice good dental hygiene. Brush regularly with a soft-bristled brush and floss gently. Maintain regular cleanings and checkup in our office, which will ensure not only complete plaque and tartar removal but will also give a better chance at earlier detection of receding gums or pocketing. Earlier detection means better treatment outcomes and a beautiful smile!
For more information on genetic types of periodontal tissues, please contact us or schedule an appointment for consultant. You can learn more about the topic by reading Dear Doctor Magazine article “Genetics and Gum Tissue Types”.