Dry Mouth

Dry Mouth

Dry Mouth

Dry mouth is a common occurrence in most people. It is your body’s way of telling you that it needs more water and is suffering from dehydration, stress, or a reduction in the flow of saliva. The medical term used for perpetual dry mouth is Xerostomia.

Xerostomia occurs when the salivary glands fail to function properly. These salivary glands are responsible for secreting saliva, and prevent your mouth from getting dry. A lack of saliva has significant health implications and therefore, must be handled immediately.

Consumption of food becomes a problem when suffering from dry mouth. Not only that, a dry mouth will affect the taste of your food, and will also affect how you swallow and chew your food. This will prevent you from completely absorbing the nutrients that you intake. To make matters worse, a dry mouth may lead to tooth decay. The saliva keeps the oral bacteria in check, and contains neutralizing agents that fight the acid produced by bacteria. The acid present in your mouth is chiefly responsible for eroding the tooth enamel and kick-starts the decaying process.

Possible Causes

Probable causes for xerostomia include:


Medications are the number source of dry mouth in the United States Of America. There are nearly 500 medications, which include both prescription and over-the-counter drugs, which have this side effect. Antihistamine and antidepressants top the list of medications that induce dry mouth, and chemotherapy pain relievers are notorious for xerostomia as well.

Radiation Therapy

Therapy administered on the back of the head or neck can seriously damage your salivary glands resulting in parched throat and mouth dryness. Treating other parts of the body does not cause xerostomia.


General diseases can also cause xerostomia. Diabetes, Parkinson, Cystic Fibrosis, and Aids have been known to cause xerostomia. Sjögren an autoimmune disease that attacks the body’s own moisture producing glands such as the ones found in the eyes and the mouth, can also cause severe xerostomia.

Gaining Relief

If you are suffering from Xerostomia due to an intake of medication, then it is best to consult your physician. The physician can either give you an alternative medicine, or adjust the amount of your intake. If you have exhausted those options without much improvement, then you may test out these in-house remedies.

Increase Fluid Intake:  Drink lots of water, especially during meals, which will help you chew, swallow, and absorb your nutrients. Avoid carbonated drinks and sugary drinks at all costs, as these will increase your chances of tooth decay.

Chew Gum: Gum helps stimulate saliva flow provided your salivary glands are not damaged. Choose a gum that contains xylitol, an alternative and natural sweetener instead of sugary gum, which can damage your tooth enamel and cause tooth decay.

Do not Smoke: This is a no-brainer. Despite everything functioning well, smoking instantly dries your mouth and the star is very damaging to the surface of your tooth.

Practice Good Oral Hygiene: Do not shirk on brushing your teeth twice a day, especially before going to bed, also practice flossing your teeth on a daily basis to keep your gums healthy and to avoid accumulation of plaque.

Get Your Teeth Cleaned by A Professional: Visit your dentist at least once a year, not only will your teeth look brighter and better but we can take preventative measures that will stop mouth dryness in its tracks before it even takes place.